Sunday, February 5, 2017

Economic Motives in Human Activities

Motive is an encouragement for people to do an action. To understand deeply about the economic motives, study the examples of motive on human action as follow.
All student do the test carefully in an emergency via harianjogja.com
Learn the examples of motive in human action below! Elementary students in Bantul, Yogyakarta, after earthquake taken place, study hard to enter for final examination of Regional Elementary School. They do the test carefully because they are motivated to pass the examination with good marks.

Father watch news program on television. He is motivated by his will to able to know the up to date information to the country and wold  in globalization era.

Those example shows that what people do or behave are motivated by a will. The will motivates human being to do action, which called motivation or motif. In the first example. all assiduous students to the final exam carefully, although their area has been destroyed by earthquake. They are motivated by the will to pass the examination with good marks.

Human action is motivated by a will. It occurs to all action. The economic action cannot be a part from motivation of a will. The will motivates human being to do economic activity (economic action), called economic motivation or economic motif.

Economic motif appears in every human activity. The point of economic motif in every human activity can be defined into four kinds, namely economic motivation to fulfill the needs, to obtain authority, to get reward from human being, and to improve human prosperity. We will discuss fourth economic motif in every human activity and the example as well.

Economic Motivation to Meets Needs
Human beings strive to fulfill the needs
Human beings strive to fulfill the needs via mave.wordpress.com
The will to meet needs means the will to achieved prosperity. For example, Mr. Karim is a poor man. Most of his needs have not met. To meet he needs, he works hard everyday. From his hard working, his income increase. Almost his needs are fulfilled. Now the Mr Karim lives in prosperity.

This example shows that the Mr Karim's working hard (to do economic activity) because of being by the will to fulfill the needs.

Economic Motivation to Get Authority

Someone work hard not to get the result, but because of another motivation. For example, Mr. Iwan is rich man. All he needs are fulfilled. He keeps running his company and attempts to expand it. Finally, dream comes true. He has the biggest company in his district so that Mr. Iwan is able to control economic of his area.

That example points out that the Mr. Iwan working to raise his company (doing economic activity) is not motivated by his will to achieve prosperity, but motivated by the will to raise his company. He gets the authority in economics field.

Economic Motivation to Get reward from Other Human Being

Some people work hard only to get reward. For example, Mr. Andi is a ship assistant. He works hard and carefully to care of the products and to serve the customers everyday. So, Mr. Andi conducts economic activities everyday. His industry and diligence make the shop take care of Mr. Andi grow so much. The shop owner gives reward to Mr. Andi's hard working.

The example shows that Mr. Andi does economic activity that is not motivated by the will to fulfill the needs. The profit of the shop taken care by him does not belong to him, but it belong to the shop owner. Mr. the Andi does the activity that is not motivated by the will to get the authority although the shop increase to be bigger, Mr. Andi position remains to as assistant.

It conclude that Mr. Andi does economic activity that is motivated by the will to get reward.

Economic Motivation to Increase the Prosperity of Fellow Man

Sense of humanity is able to motivate someone to do something. For example, Mr. Burhan is a leader of orphan treatment. To improve the orphan treatment house, he runs business. He uses the profit of his business to increase the orphan's prosperity that becomes his responsibility.

That example show that Mr. Burhan does the economic activity that is not motivated to adequate the needs, to get authority, or to get obtain reward. Mr. Burhan does the economic activity that is motivated by the will to increase welfare for fellow being.

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